Community Education's Contribution to Lowering Hepatitis Rates
The enlargement of the liver caused by the virus is known as Hepatitis. The liver is an essential part of the body that is extremely important in handling nutrients, combating infections, and filtering blood. Therefore, when the virus attacks the liver, these functions are disturbed. The utilization of toxins, various medicine intake, heavy alcohol, and different medical situation can cause this deadly disease. The Hepatitis is of five kinds A, B, C, D, and E.
Read the blog below, "Community Education's Contribution To Lowering Hepatitis Rates," and learn what writers from Academic Writing Pro suggest for Hepatitis disease.
Liver and Hepatitis Virus
The liver is such a vital organ that if it shuts down, humans can only survive for one or two days. If the liver's function fails, the rest of the body will fail to operate too. But the good news is that even when as much as eighty percent of the liver is damaged or destroyed, it can still function. This is due to its remarkable capacity to recreate itself using the healthy cells of the liver that are still present. The virus B is the root cause of liver dysfunction.
Hepatitis B is the most widespread liver infection globally, as this virus infects and harms the liver. Various research has observed that about 300 million people suffer from long-term hepatitis B infection, and around two billion individuals contract this disease annually. Though this virus is avoidable and treatable, still this virus takes the lives of around 1 million people annually.
What Differentiates Hepatitis B From Other Hepatitis Viruses?
Following are some distinctive features of hepatitis B that make it stand out among all the hepatitis viruses:
- One major thing that makes Hep-B distinctive is the availability of its vaccine, which makes it curable; furthermore, WHO emphasizes that this vaccination should be administrated to children as early as possible after birth.
- Children are disproportionately affected by kind B virus. Around 5% of adult individuals go on to develop a chronic infection, whereas only 30% of infants do.
- Usually, virus B is contracted through bodily fluids, such as mothers during labor can infect their babies. Moreover, around 90% of newborns infected with this virus have a high chance of developing chronic infection.
- It is known that this kind of infection is not curable but treatable. This infection can be controlled through various anti-viral medications; the patient has to take care of their liver for the rest of their life.
Signs of Hepatitis
If the following signs are persistent in an individual, they should immediately seek medical help. The signs are:
- Swelling with fluid in arms or abdomen and limbs
- Fatigue and Weakness
- Vomiting and Nausea
- Less to No appetite
- Gut pain
- Joint soreness
- Light or clay-colored excreta
- Jaundice (yellowing of the skin and the whiteness of eyes)
- Dark-colored urine
Interventions for Lowering Hepatitis Through Community Education
It is observed that there are various reasons for the spread of the hepatitis virus; one of the chief reasons is a lack of awareness of its contraction, its symptoms, and its prevention. Hence to spread awareness of Hepatitis, various strategies can be adopted to educate the communities to take precautions and mitigate the spread of this virus. Read the following interventions:
- Concentrated Education And Outreach
Organizing campaigns in the neighborhood for on-spot health inquiries, precautionary education segments, door-to-door awareness, home visits, and other activities related to different kinds of liver infection for individuals with high chances of contracting this virus.
- Screening of Individuals with Hepatitis B & C
Selection of individuals who are at high risk during outreach campaigns. The group of people who will be focused during the screening session will be:
- Sexual minorities
- Female sex workers
- Single Man Refugees
- Truck Drivers
- Vaccination for Hepatitis B Negative Individuals
Made sure that those members who tested negative but are at risk of contracting hepatitis B should be vaccinated with three dosages.
- Medical Care for Those Individuals Who Have Been Diagnosed With Hepatitis
While as a part of the government's attempts to eradicate this virus, people in the community who test positive for the disease are medically sent to the public hospital, where they can receive treatment for the illness. In contrast, the medical team follows up to guarantee that every patient shows up for their routine check-ups and assists them with any paperwork required for treatment to ensure smooth treatment compliance.
One of the significant aspects that should be paid heed to in treating Hep-B and Hep-C patients is psychological support. Through psychological support, the patient will have the plan to mitigate the likelihood of developing or transmitting viral, presented by the counselor by recognizing the patient's dangerous past or present behavior.
- Peer and Social Care
The team awareness campaign is trained to offer training and coordinate to support awareness by including public health helpers from Public Corporations, volunteers from NGOs, and CBOs who are functioning for a similar cause. In contrast, encouraging local youth, females, and other CBOs to share data and seek backing for awareness campaigns.
How Future Generations Can Be Saved from Hepatitis Virus
From various academic research, it is concluded that the best defense against the virus is immunization. Additionally, it is calculated that around 5000 deaths annually are reported because of hepatocellular carcinoma and long-term liver disorder among 1.25 million individuals across the globe with long-term HBV.
Additionally, individuals infected with this deadly virus during their childhood have a disproportionately large burden of morbidity and mortality, and the probability of chronic infection increases with age. One major objective of vaccination is to circumvent persistent infection, which will help prevent complications like primary hepatocellular cancer. Furthermore, the prime method to achieve this goal is in nations where most infections are contracted in infancy and early childhood.
Hepatitis inflames the liver. The enlargement of liver is caused when the tissues are infected or harmed. It might damage your liver tissues. The degree of injury and edema may impact its performance. Different liver viruses are categorized as Hepatitis A, B, C, D, and E.
Based on various kinds of categories of this virus, various strategies can be adopted to circumvent or mitigate the risk of contracting it. For instance, restricting alcohol consumption can help prevent alcoholic hepatitis. Immunizations can help protect against hepatitis A and B. Additionally, autoimmune hepatitis cannot be prevented and Hepatitis is only treatable, not curable.
Those students doing research related to liver diseases can approach the writers at Academic Writing Pro to seek professional assistance; they have vast experience in providing academic writing assistance.